US Secretary of State Hilary Clinton
North Africa

The Contemporary History of Egypt Part II

Activism and worker actions A large-scale activist movement emerged in Egypt in the 21st century. After first mobilizing around international issues, such as the Palestinian intifada and opposition to the Iraq war, the focus was gradually on domestic issues. From 2004, the movement named Kifaya (“Enough!”) Organized demonstrations demanding Mubarak’s departure and democratic reforms. The […]

Music in Egypt
North Africa

Music in Egypt

The Christian Church was established early in Egypt by the evangelist Markus and developed his own form of dogma and cult, based on the ancient Egyptian language (Coptic). In 451, the Coptic Church separated itself from the rest of Christianity. It has preserved its own music, and in Cairo there is an institute to educate […]

Mahmoud Moukhtar: Egypt wakes up. 1919-1928. Granite sculpture.
North Africa

Art in Egypt

From medieval to modern times The art of this period is first and foremost decorative Islamic art, which is largely related to architecture. Ornaments and calligraphy are common expressions of art, figurations are rare. In the period 1000–1500 a lot of fine pottery is made, first after Iraqi models, but during the Mamluks approx. 1300–1500, […]