Geography of Marion County, West Virginia

By | March 15, 2024

Geography of Marion County, West Virginia

Marion County, situated in the north-central part of West Virginia, is a region distinguished by its rolling hills, winding rivers, lush forests, and rich coal mining heritage. Spanning an area of approximately 311 square miles, Marion County is bordered by Monongalia County to the north, Harrison County to the south, Taylor County to the east, and the state of Pennsylvania to the west. Its geography encompasses a blend of natural beauty and industrial history, including diverse landscapes, varied climates, and several bodies of water. Let’s explore the geography, climate, rivers, lakes, and other aspects that define Marion County.┬áCheck foodezine to learn more about the state of West Virginia.


Marion County’s topography is characterized by rolling hills, river valleys, and upland plateaus, typical of the Appalachian region. The county lies within the Appalachian Plateau physiographic province, with elevations ranging from approximately 800 feet above sea level in the river valleys to around 1,500 feet above sea level in the upland areas.

The landscape is dominated by forested hillsides, particularly in the eastern and southern portions of the county, where hardwood forests cover much of the terrain. In contrast, the northern and western parts of Marion County have been significantly impacted by coal mining activities, resulting in a more rugged and altered landscape.


Marion County experiences a humid continental climate, characterized by four distinct seasons with varying temperatures and precipitation patterns. Summers are warm and humid, with average high temperatures ranging from the mid-80s to low 90s Fahrenheit. Thunderstorms are common during the summer months, providing relief from the heat but also contributing to occasional flash flooding.

Winters are cold and snowy, with average low temperatures dropping into the 20s and 30s Fahrenheit. Snowfall is frequent, particularly in the higher elevations, with annual snowfall totals averaging around 30 to 40 inches. Winter storms can bring significant accumulations of snow and ice, leading to hazardous road conditions and school closures.

Spring and fall are transitional seasons characterized by mild temperatures and colorful foliage. Spring brings blooming flowers and the return of greenery, while fall showcases vibrant hues of red, orange, and yellow as the leaves of deciduous trees change color before winter sets in.

Rivers and Streams:

Marion County is intersected by several rivers and streams, which play a crucial role in the region’s ecology, economy, and recreational opportunities. The Monongahela River, one of the longest rivers in the eastern United States, forms the western boundary of the county and serves as a major transportation corridor and water source.

In addition to the Monongahela River, Marion County is also home to several smaller rivers and streams, including the West Fork River, the Buffalo Creek, and the Paw Paw Creek. These waterways provide habitat for a variety of fish species, including bass, trout, and catfish, and offer opportunities for fishing, boating, and kayaking.

Lakes and Reservoirs:

While Marion County does not have any natural lakes of significant size, there are several small reservoirs and impoundments scattered throughout the region. These water bodies are often created by damming rivers or creeks and are used for recreational purposes, irrigation, and flood control.

One notable reservoir in Marion County is the Marion County Reservoir, also known as Winfield Reservoir, located near the town of Winfield. This reservoir provides opportunities for fishing, boating, and picnicking and is a popular destination for outdoor recreation enthusiasts.

Parks and Outdoor Recreation:

Marion County is home to several parks, natural areas, and outdoor recreation facilities, which provide residents and visitors with opportunities for hiking, camping, picnicking, and wildlife viewing. One popular destination is Valley Falls State Park, located near the town of Fairmont, which features scenic waterfalls, hiking trails, and camping areas along the Tygart Valley River.

Another notable park in Marion County is the Prickett’s Fort State Park, which offers a glimpse into the region’s colonial history and features a reconstructed fort, historical exhibits, and interpretive programs. The park also has picnic areas, nature trails, and a visitor center.


In conclusion, Marion County, West Virginia, offers a blend of natural beauty, historical significance, and outdoor recreation opportunities. From its rolling hills and forested landscapes to its winding rivers and scenic parks, Marion County provides a picturesque setting for residents and visitors alike. Whether exploring the great outdoors, fishing in the rivers and streams, or learning about the region’s history and culture, Marion County offers something for everyone to enjoy.