Niger Arts and Literature
North Africa

Niger Arts and Literature

Film Niger, like most African countries, lacks its own film industry. However, the country has produced two talented filmmakers with international reputation, Mustafa Alassanne (born 1942) and Oumarou Ganda (1935–81), both discovered and assisted by the French documentary filmmaker and ethnologist Jean Rouch. In their work, they observe a critical distance from the traditions of […]

Somalia Arts and Literature
North Africa

Somalia Music

Music In Somalia, music has always played a role in subordinate poetry, which is also reflected in the lack of musical instruments. The only instrument used is the drum, mainly by women who accompany the singing of poetry. In male singing tradition there is absolutely no instrumental accompaniment. Countryaah: Population and demographics of Somalia, including […]

Sudan Arts and Literature
North Africa

Sudan Music

Music The music in central Sudan consists mainly of songs for dance and procession, often accompanied by drums. The same applies to the nomad groups in the east and west, where single-stranded fiddle is the most important instrument of accompaniment. The influence of Islam is generally felt in the song and dance traditions of Sufism […]

Central African Republic Arts and Literature
North Africa

Central African Republic Music

Music The ethnographic variation of the Central African Republic is reflected in the diversity of music cultures. As elsewhere in Africa, music is performed at festivities and ritual occasions. It is closely associated with words and dance and is an important element of any oral tradition. Countryaah: Population and demographics of Central African Republic, including […]

Burundi Arts and Literature
North Africa

Burundi Music

Music Music played a central role at the Tutsi King and Chief Court. Drums are highlighted as symbols of royal power, e.g. in the tribute music still performed by an ensemble of 25 ingo- drums. The music in Burundi is basically pentatonic, but has variations. The song is mostly monophonic and is built on shout-answer […]

Benin Arts and Literature
North Africa

Benin Music

Music Benin can be divided musically into a southern and a northern region. In the south, where the Aja- and Yoru-speaking peoples created a series of kingdoms, court music traditions, including epic “long song” and tribute music, live on royal instruments such as lianar bark flutes, ivory horns and drums. The region exhibits a wealth […]

Eritrea Arts and Literature
North Africa

Eritrea Music

Music Traditional music varies between the different folk and language groups. The most important instruments include lyrinstrumenten krar and begena, drums kebero and negarit, the single-stranded string instrument Chira wata and wind instruments embelta and shambeqo. Music with traditional roots that are still performed is the party music guayla. The genre’s two biggest stars during […]

Gambia Arts and Literature
North Africa

Gambia Music

Music Despite its small size, Gambia has rich music traditions. For a long time, most of the population has been Islamized, which is why Arab music impulses are noticeable along with African styles. Griots dominate the traditional music offering. Along with drums of various kinds and sizes, the string instruments are dominant. Kora, a 21-string […]

Ghana Arts and Literature
North Africa

Ghana Arts and Literature

Literature Contrary to the oral tradition of the native languages, the written English-language literature in Ghana is of late date. Its growth is strongly influenced by political factors. Dramat received special support after the country’s independence in 1957. Mention should be made of Efua Sutherland’s experiment to combine classical literary themes with both folk storytelling […]

Cape Verde Arts and Literature
North Africa

Cape Verde Music

Music The majority of the population of Cape Verde, which remained uninhabited until the second half of the 15th century, are Creole of mixed European (mainly Portuguese) and African origin. This is reflected in the music, which has elements from both Portuguese and Brazilian as well as African music and is usually sung in the […]