Ivory Coast Arts and Literature
North Africa

Ivory Coast Arts and Literature

Literature The novel is a recent phenomenon in the Ivory Coast, later than in other French-speaking countries; the genre was preceded by theater and poetry, literary forms that are closer to the oral tradition. The first four novels came out during the period when the colonial empire was criticized in Africa in general (1944-60): “Climbié” […]

Niger Arts and Literature
North Africa

Niger Arts and Literature

Film Niger, like most African countries, lacks its own film industry. However, the country has produced two talented filmmakers with international reputation, Mustafa Alassanne (born 1942) and Oumarou Ganda (1935–81), both discovered and assisted by the French documentary filmmaker and ethnologist Jean Rouch. In their work, they observe a critical distance from the traditions of […]

Namibia Arts and Literature
North Africa

Namibia Arts and Literature

Arts and crafts The Kalahari Desert in Namibia contains well-preserved rock paintings and rock carvings from prehistoric times, depicting both animals and people. The Bushmen created rock art as far back as the 19th century, and today similar motifs are found on their everyday objects. The arts and crafts in Namibia consist mainly of small […]

South Africa Arts and Literature
North Africa

South Africa Arts and Literature

Literature, English language Ever since the first European contacts, race and power have been prominent concepts in South African literature. In the 19th century, Thomas Pringle and Harriet Ward represented a settler realism, while the colonization romance was exemplified by H. Rider Haggard. Olive Schreiner questioned the prevailing view of land and people. ST Plaatje’s […]

Egypt Arts and Literature
North Africa

Egypt Arts and Literature

Literature The Islamic rulers conquered Egypt in the 640’s. Thus, the conditions were given for the emergence of Arabic literature in the country during the Umayyad and Abbasid times (compare Arabic literature). The 1200’s-1700’s were, for Arabic literature, generally a period of increasing stagnation. However, this was replaced by a literary renaissance (nahda) during the […]

Burkina Faso Arts and Literature
North Africa

Burkina Faso Arts and Literature

Art Burkina Faso is a land of masks. Most of the larger groups of people use masks, except gurma and lobi. Marka’s masks in wood and leaves produce forest sand (do) and are worn in the dance during purification ceremonies and burials. In his art, Kurumba confines itself to a few forms, primarily an antelope […]

Botswana Arts and Literature
North Africa

Botswana Arts and Literature

Architecture Most of Botswana’s population belongs to the Tswana people. The economy is based on livestock management and agriculture. Most tswana live in large villages with 15,000-20,000 residents. Each household occupies a plot of several fenced farms for livestock and vegetable farms; In particular, the inner yard plays an important role and serves as a […]

Angola Arts and Literature
North Africa

Angola Arts and Literature

Literature Angola’s modern literature got its breakthrough in the 1950’s with José Luandino Vieira. Prosaists such as Vieira and Uanhenga Xito and lyricists such as Agostinho Neto (president 1975–79), Geraldo Bessa Victor and Mário António have depicted Angola’s class differences. Among the most important writers of Angola in recent decades are Pepetela (pseudonym of Artur […]

Ethiopia Arts and Literature
North Africa

Ethiopia Arts and Literature

Literature Ethiopian literature originated in the translation of the Bible from Greek and Syriac to geez (giiz) in the 400’s and 500’s. From the Aksum period, a number of important dogmatic and liturgical texts have also been preserved. In the 1300’s, the literature was enriched with translations and editions of Arabic texts as well as […]

Gabon Arts and Literature
North Africa

Gabon Arts and Literature

Arts and crafts A large part of the traditional arts and crafts in Gabon is linked to secret societies. The ancestral cult is important and is reflected in the sculptures, masks and shrines of the folk groups. Many folk groups usually store revered ancestors’ relics in special containers usually with a figurine placed on top. […]