Egypt belongs to the same animal geographic region as Europe and most of Asia (the Palarctic region), and the fauna is quite different from that in sub- Saharan Africa. Furthermore, wildlife is relatively poor in species.
Many animals that previously existed in Egypt are now rare or extinct here: helligibis, hippopotamus, nil crocodile and more. The dromedary is important as a pet, but does not occur in the wild. In the mountainous areas, alpine and goat’s sheep (the only wild sheep in Africa) live, while several gazelle species live in desert and semi-desert areas.
The predators include stripes of hyenas, jackals, desert foxes ( fennel ) and other foxes, desert monkeys (caracal) and small cats. The Pharaoh (a sneaky cat ) is known as a snake killer. Of mammals otherwise, mention should be made of desert mice, frogs and rock cuttings.
The reptile fauna is varied: Two families of land turtles, six lizard families and four snake families with a total of 34 species (including Egyptian cobra). Nearly 450 bird species have been recorded. Dumbbells, Falcons, sandgrouse, turtel- and laughing dove, hoopoe, larks and steinskvetter characteristic nesting birds. The Nile Delta is important as a resting place and wintering place for bird, some species also winter along the Red Sea coast.
In addition to coral reefs with very rich fauna of invertebrates and fish, the Red Sea city of sharks, skate, sea turtles and dolphins. Red-billed tropical birds, brown- owls, black-headed gulls and red- seagulls also breed here.
Plant life in Egypt
A narrow steppe belt along the Mediterranean coast goes south into desert steppe and desert. The Nile Delta has large reed areas where it includes. grows lotus. The papyrus plant is extinct from the area. In the rest of the Nile Delta, in the Nile Valley and the oases, there are almost only cultural plants.