Trinidad and Tobago Population

By | May 6, 2024

Population Distribution

As of 2023, the latest population of Trinidad and Tobago is 1,208,789, based on our calculation of the current data from UN (United Nations).

Total population 1,208,789
Population growth rate -0.30%
Birth rate 12.70 births per 1,000 people
Life expectancy
Overall life expectancy 71.96 years
Men life expectancy 69.09 years
Women life expectancy 74.91 years
Age structure
0-14 years 19.24%
15-64 years 69.66%
65 years and above 11.10%
Median age 35.00 years
Gender ratio (Male to Female) 1.03
Population density 235.72 residents per kmĀ²
Urbanization 75.40%
40% Indian, 38% African, 19% mixed ancestry
Catholics (Roman Catholic) 29.4%, Hindu 23.8%, Anglicans 10.9%, Muslims 5.8%, Presbyterians 3.4%, others 26.7%
Human Development Index (HDI) 0.799
HDI ranking 63rd out of 194

People in Trinidad and Tobago

About 35 percent of the ancestors of the residents of Trinidad and Tobago come from Africa and India. They were brought here as slaves or, after slavery was abolished in the 19th century, hired as workers.

In addition, there are around 20 percent who see themselves as descendants of at least two ethnic groups. Only 0.1 percent of the population are indigenous. Other minorities are whites of European descent and Chinese.

Each woman has an average of 1.7 children. That is a little more than ours (1.4 children). 53 percent of the population lives in urban areas.

Languages in Trinidad and Tobago

The official language in Trinidad and Tobago is English. 95 percent of the population speak it. Due to its proximity to Venezuela, Spanish is also widely used as a second language. However, many people speak a Creole language as their mother tongue, namely Trinidad Creole or Tobago Creole. Both are based on English and contain African elements. They are similar, but there are also differences. Trinidad Creole is also influenced by French.

Religions in Trinidad and Tobago

A majority of 54 percent profess Christianity. Of these, 32 percent belong to a Protestant church and 22 percent are Catholic. 18 percent are Hindus and 5 percent Muslim.

Trinidad and Tobago Overview

Trinidad and Tobago, situated in the southern Caribbean, is renowned for its vibrant Carnival celebrations, diverse cultural heritage, and stunning beaches. The dual-island nation boasts a unique fusion of African, Indian, European, and indigenous influences, reflected in its music, cuisine, and festivals. Trinidad’s bustling capital, Port of Spain, is known for its lively street markets, while Tobago offers tranquil retreats with pristine coral reefs and lush rainforests. Beyond its natural beauty, Trinidad and Tobago is a major producer of oil and natural gas, contributing to its economic stability and regional influence.

  • Capital City: Port of Spain
  • Population: Approximately 1.4 million
  • Area: 5,128 square kilometers
  • Full Country Name: Republic of Trinidad and Tobago
  • Currency: Trinidad and Tobago dollar (TTD)
  • Language: English
  • ISO Country Codes: ISO 3166-1 alpha-2: TT, ISO 3166-1 alpha-3: TTO

Bordering Countries of Trinidad and Tobago

Trinidad and Tobago is an island nation located in the southern Caribbean Sea, just off the coast of Venezuela. Its two main islands, Trinidad and Tobago, are separated by just 10 miles of sea. Trinidad is the larger of the two islands and has a population of 1.3 million people. It is considered to be an economic powerhouse in the Caribbean, due to its high per capita income and large petroleum industry. Tobago is much smaller than Trinidad, with a population of just 55 thousand people. The island is known for its beautiful beaches, lush rainforests and laid-back atmosphere.

Trinidad and Tobago shares maritime borders with Grenada to the north-west, Barbados to the north-east, and Venezuela to the south-west. To the east lies Guyana which was formerly part of British Guiana until it gained independence in 1966. The country also has diplomatic relations with other nations in South America such as Colombia and Brazil as well as with some countries in Central America including Mexico and Belize. In addition to this there are several islands that surround Trinidad and Tobago such as Aruba, Curacao, Bonaire, St Maarten/St Martin and Anguilla which all have close ties to each other due to their shared cultural heritage stemming from their colonial pasts.


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