Eritrea Arts and Literature
North Africa

Eritrea Music

Music Traditional music varies between the different folk and language groups. The most important instruments include lyrinstrumenten krar and begena, drums kebero and negarit, the single-stranded string instrument Chira wata and wind instruments embelta and shambeqo. Music with traditional roots that are still performed is the party music guayla. The genre’s two biggest stars during […]

Eritrea Landmarks
North Africa

Eritrea Sightseeing Places

Visa requirements for Eritrea Passport: is generally required when traveling to Eritrea, the passport must be valid for at least 6 months if the visa is granted. Visa: is generally required, exceptions are only for citizens of Uganda and Kenya. Visas are only issued in exceptional cases at the border. Transit: Transit travelers who travel […]

Adi Alauti
North Africa

Eritrea

Eritrea is a republic in northeastern Africa, on the Horn of Africa on the Red Sea. It borders southeast of Djibouti, south to Ethiopia and west and northwest to Sudan. Eritrea and Yemen both claim the Hanish Islands. The name comes from the Latin name of the Red Sea, Mare Erythraeum, and the country extends […]

Geography of Eritrea
North Africa

Geography of Eritrea

Eritrea is divided into two of the African Rift Valley, and is mainly divided into three ecological zones. The temperate highlands reach up to 3000 meters above sea level and form part of the Northern Ethiopian Plateau ( Ethiopian Highlands ). The highlands in the north extend almost all the way to the coast of […]

Eritrea President
North Africa

Eritrea’s Political System

Eritrea disengaged from Ethiopia in 1991 after a long liberation struggle, and became formally independent in 1993. A newly formed transitional government was commissioned to establish political structures, write new constitution and conduct national and local elections. The Constitution was ratified in 1997, but has never been implemented. Local and regional elections were held in […]

Eritrea Army
North Africa

Eritrean Defense

Eritrea has a post-selection military service, with initial service of 18 months. The total force numbers for the Eritrean Armed Forces are around 201 750 active personnel, with a reserve of about 120,000 personnel (2018, IISS). Army The army has a strength of about 200,000 active personnel. Materials include 270 tanks of types of T-54 […]

EPLF
North Africa

History of Eritrea

The history of Eritrea goes back to the Aksum Empire, which was founded in the fourth century BCE. Later, parts of the land were included in the kingdom of Abyssinia. In the 16th century, the Ottoman Empire took control of parts of present-day Eritrea, before Egypt took over the regime in 1865. From 1890, Eritrea […]

Eritrea's Foreign Policy
North Africa

Eritrea’s Foreign Policy

Eritrea is a new independent state in one of Africa’s most strategically and politically and militarily most turbulent regions: the Horn of Africa. Already a few years after the country’s independence in 1993, there was a strained relationship with neighboring countries, especially Ethiopia and Sudan, but partly also Djibouti and Yemen on the other side […]

North Africa

Economics and Business in Eritrea

Eritrea developed a significant light industry under Italian colonial rule, but when the country was laid under Ethiopia after World War II, much of it was moved to Ethiopia, and it did not invest in modernization and development. Agriculture is traditionally the most important way of life, and is still the way of life for […]