Chad Education for girls
Central Africa

Chad Society

Alphabetized adults: 22.3% (2016, estimated) Major religions: Islam 53%, Christianity 34% Urban population: 23% (2017, estimated) Life expectancy (female / male): 54.5 / 52 years (2017, estimated) Gender Inequality Index: Rank 160 of 162 (2018) Number of births: 4.34 / woman (2017, estimated) Infant mortality: 75.2 / 1000 live births (2017, estimated) Macrosocial structure The […]

Chad Education
Central Africa

Chad Gender and Education

Gender relations Social and religious framework conditions and influences have a decisive influence on the situation of women in Chad. When many men emigrated or could not find work during the civil war, women were forced to develop new strategies to ensure the family’s survival. A change in gender relations was the result. Since the […]

Chad Flora and fauna
Central Africa

Chad Ecological Problems

Ecological problems Desertification and climate change and the associated conflicts between sedentary farmers and nomadic ranchers also represent a fundamental social problem in Chad with serious ecological effects. These have become even more dramatic in recent years due to political and associated ethnic tensions (increasing population pressure from refugee flows) tightened. Environmental education, awareness-raising and […]

Chad Culture
Central Africa

Chad Culture

Arts and crafts Art and traditional handicrafts play an important role both in everyday life and in people’s religious life. Evidence of artistic forms of expression can be proven above all in the Tibesti and Ennedi Mountains up to Neolithic times through impressive and well-preserved rock paintings. The blacksmiths, who belong to the Haddad’s own […]

Chad Overview
Central Africa

Chad Overview

The central African state of Chad was a French colony until 1960. With around 15 million residents and a land area of 1.284 million km², Chad is the fifth largest country in Africa with a very low population density. Oil has been produced in the south of the country since 2003, which has a major […]

Travel to Chad
Central Africa

Travel to Chad

Entry and residence regulations German citizens need a valid entry visa to enter Chad, which can be applied for at the Chadian embassy with their ambassador Mariam Ali Moussa in Berlin. The passport must be valid until the end of the trip and a yellow fever vaccination is compulsory for everyone aged 9 months and […]

Camels at a waterhole near the city of Mao Chad
Central Africa

Chad History

Independence Day: August 11, 1960 Head of state: Idriss Déby Itno Head of government: In 2018 this office was abolished Political system: Presidential Republic Democracy Status Index (Political Transform.): Rank 123 of 137 (2020) Corruption Index (CPI): Rank 162 of 180 (2019) Ibrahim Index of African Governance: Rank 47 of 54 (2020) Early history Chad […]

Chad Media and Religion
Central Africa

Chad Media and Religion

Media landscape Freedom of the press in Chad (123rd out of 180 countries in 2020, 121st in 2017, 103rd in 2011/12!) Has remained poor in recent years. After a temporary opening up to the beginning of 2000, journalists have since then been exposed to ever increasing levels of reprisals, which have often led to strikes […]

Coat of arms of Chad
Central Africa

Chad Government and Law

Form of government and constitution According to the constitution of April 14, 1996 and based on the French model, Chad is a presidential republic with a multi-party system, but with strongly autocratic features. The constitution was passed by referendum on March 31, 1996 with 61.5% of the vote. It was developed by the Sovereign National […]

Chad health
Central Africa

Chad Everyday Life

Currency: CFA franc BEAC Exchange rate: 656 per 1 € (fixed) Time zone: UTC + 1 Country code (phone): 00235 Climate (for capital): Dry savanna climate (semi-arid) Housing and supply The supply conditions and possibilities depend very much on the location in the country. In N’Djaména you can get supplies according to European (mainly French) […]