The music in central Sudan consists mainly of songs for dance and procession, often accompanied by drums. The same applies to the nomad groups in the east and west, where single-stranded fiddle is the most important instrument of accompaniment. The influence of Islam is generally felt in the song and dance traditions of Sufism (Ziker and Madieh), which use instruments such as drums, cymbals and tambourines.
- Countryaah: Population and demographics of Sudan, including population pyramid, density map, projection, data, and distribution.
In the north, songs with poetic lyrics were accompanied by a variant of lyra until it was replaced by the lute ointment introduced from the Arabian Peninsula. This type of music played a big role during the 20th century, including in the struggle for independence. Later, instruments such as violin, accordion, wind instruments, electric guitar and keyboard were also used. In parallel, influences were drawn from Egyptian-Arabic and European music. Among the internationally renowned undead players are Hamza el Din (1929–2006) and Mustafa al Sunni (born 1964), who both worked in exile.
Many musicians were attracted to the independence of the conditions that orchestras attached to the military or police offered in the form of, among other things. instrument. Among these bands, in the 1960’s and 1970’s, developed a type of music that, like many other East African countries, is called jazz, but which differs from the American variant. Even je-luo, a variant of Congolese rum-based soukous, became popular. Many musicians have also been inspired by American and Jamaican artists such as James Brown, Bob Marley and Michael Jackson.
Abdel Gadir Salim (born ca 1950), Abdel Aziz el Mubarak (born 1951) and Abdel Karim el Kabli (born 1933) are among the most internationally renowned artists. Since the introduction of Islamic law (sharia) in the 1980’s, practitioners of secular music have been living under oppression and many have been forced into exile or to endure harassment. Mohammed Wardi (1932–2012), Mohammed el Amin (born 1943) and Abu Araki al-Bakheit. The harsh climate has also affected female artists such as the Balabil group and pop star Hanan Bulu-bulu. Mention may also be made of Salma al Assal, Setona (actually Fatma Ali Adam Uthman), and Hanan an-Nil.
Among the many ex-Sudanese artists are also the singer Rasha (actually Rasha Shiekh Aldein Gibreel, born 1971) and the group The Afro-Nubians led by saxophonist and singer Tarig Abubakar (1964-98).