As a country located in Africa according to OXFORDASTRONOMY, Morocco limits to the north with the Mediterranean Sea, to the east and southeast with Algeria, to the south with the Saharawi Republic and to the west with the Atlantic Ocean.
The relief is determined by its two mountain systems: the Rif, which borders the Mediterranean coast from the Muluya River to the Strait of Gibraltar, and whose culminating point is Mount Tidighine of 2452 meters, and the Atlas mountain range, which consists of three mountainous massifs: to the south the Great Atlas, which reaches 4180 meters on Mount Tubkal; the central Atlas, and the Anti-Atlas, which reaches the Atlantic coast. To the east, the so-called High Plateaus stand out, with altitudes that reach 1,300 meters. South of the Anti-Atlas begins the Sahara desert.
The fourth of the imperial cities, Rabat is a curious mix of an ancient past and a modernized present. The city’s glory days were during the 12th century, when the then sultan used the kasbah (citadel) as a base for campaigns against today’s Spanish territory. Since the French occupation, Rabat has become a modern city where the style of Islam is combined with the European, where for each place of worship there are three or four European-style cafes. One can wander the markets without the pressure that can be found elsewhere.
The most famous site in the city is the Hassan Tour, the incomplete minaret of the great mosque started by Yacoub al-Mansour. An earthquake brought construction to a halt in 1755. Next to the Mausoleum of Muhammad V, the father of the current king. The Kasbah Oudaias, built on a steep rise from the Atlantic Ocean, houses a former palace that is now a traditional art museum. Beyond the city walls the remains of the ancient city of Sala are. Also known as Chella, it has the best Archeology Museum in Morocco.
Between the central park (Jardins de Vue Triangle) and the main train station are most of Rabat’s hotels and restaurants. Here you will find cafes with a great offer of all kinds of beer, kababs, pizza, olives and ice cream. Muhammad V airport is very close to the city and permanently connected by buses.
Of all the cities around the world, Hollywood chose this city to immortalize as the classic exotic colonial outpost. Those looking around every corner for something by Humphrey Bogart will be disappointed. It is Morocco’s largest city and industrial center, it is a metropolis where the traditional Moroccan burnouses seem out of place among the polished designer suits.
The city was remodeled by the French creating wide boulevards, public parks and civic buildings. It is worth a look at the Medina of Casablanca, the old quarter and the Hassan II Mosque, one of the largest in the world. In the neighborhood known as Muhammad V you will find the most impressive examples of Moroccan architecture.
One of the most important cultural centers in Morocco, Marrakesh is a city famous for its markets and festivals. Its heart is in the Djema el-Fna, a huge square square in the old city. Rows of outdoor food stalls fill the air with tasty aromas. Jugglers, storytellers, snake charmers, magicians, acrobats, and harmless madmen take over the rest of the space. The souqs (markets) are considered by many to be the best in Morocco.
Among the many attractions of the Almoravid-style old quarter are Koubba el Ba’adiyn annexed mosque, the magnificent Koutoubia mosque and the Palais Dar Si Said (Museum of Moroccan Arts). Trains and buses run regularly between Casablanca and Rabat.
The oldest of the imperial cities, Fez is indisputably the symbolic heart of Morocco. Its labyrinthine streets, the medina of el-Bali de Fès (Old Fès) is one of the medieval cities that are still alive. Unlike many walled cities, Old Fès has not been filled with banks and shops. The population has spread out to the southwest occupying the slopes to the north and south of the new city.
Inside the old city, wrapped between 9400 streets and alleys, is the Medersa Bou Inania, an Islamic theological school built in 1350. Not far from here, the henna souq is a market specializing in the dye used for hair and tattooing of women’s hands and feet. Then near the gate of the old walled city el-Jdid de Fès, home of the city’s Jewish community and many spectacular buildings. Between the two autonomous cities is the Dar Batha, now the Batha Museum.
The best way to get to Fez is by train from Rabat, Marrakesh or Tangier.
Its port is one of the most commonly used for entry into Morocco.
The central Petit Zocco of the city is one of the places of interest. Long ago, when Tangier was an international neutral zone, this area maintained a cosmopolitan atmosphere that it has not completely lost. Scenes of pedophilia near the kasbah attract the attention of many visitors. It contains the 17th century el-Makhzen of Dar, the former sultan’s palace and now turned into a fine museum. The nearby American Legation Museum is a reminder of how Morocco was the first country to recognize American Independence. Tangier is five hours from Rabat by train, and a boat ride from Spain or Gibraltar.