Malawi Culture and Economy

By | November 16, 2021

The state

  • Official name: Republic of Malawi and Republic of Malawi
  • Administrative division: 24 districts.
  • Capital: Lilongwe, 395,000 inhab. (1994).
  • Other cities: Blantyre, 446,800 residents; Mzuzu, 62,700 inhab. (1994).
  • Government: Presidential Republic. Bakili Muluzi, president since May 1994. Legislative branch, unicameral: National Assembly, made up of 177 members.
  • National holiday: July 6, Independence (1964).
  • Armed forces: 8,000 soldiers.
  • Paramilitaries: 1,500 (Elite police forces).


Tribal conflicts and constant migration prevented the formation of a single Malawian society until the beginning of the 20th century. During the past century, ethnic and tribal distinctions have diminished to the point that there are no major tribal frictions, although some regional divisions still occur. The concept of a Malawian nationality begins to take shape around a predominantly rural population, which generally forms a conservative and peaceful society.


The Bantus perform spectacular dances on the occasion of their festivals. On the other hand, it is convenient to point out music as an important part of their cultural life.


  • 1 of January New Year.
  • July 6: Independence Day.
  • 25th December, Christmas.
  • Islamic holidays are also holidays.

His flag

Black represents the colored people of the African continent.

Red represents the blood of the martyrs who lost their lives in the freedom of Africa.

Green represents the natural look of Malawi.

The rising sun in the black band represents the dawn of hope and freedom for the entire Continent of Africa.

Tourist sites

Lilongwe, Blantyre, Nkhata Bay, and Senga Bay.

As a country located in Africa according to TOPB2BWEBSITES, Malawi is a wonderful country that is divided into three regions, twenty-four districts and three sub-districts. The variety of landscapes and their fauna constitute the greatest attraction of these lands, whose people live devoted to the cultivation of tea, tobacco, cotton and sugar.

A tour of the country will make us enjoy the rain forests, baobabs and pastures that make up the vegetation of the different regions.

Although almost all the sites of interest are related to nature, there are also some population centers that are worth visiting.

The southern region: It is one of the main routes in Malawi where we can visit cities where many of the country’s commercial and cultural activities are concentrated. Lilongwe, the capital, is home to embassies and airlines in its urban center, while hotels, restaurants and cultural centers are located in the old town.

It has pleasant markets that are presented as the places to make all kinds of purchases and observe the residents in their environment.


It is one of the poorest countries in the world. Its economy is based on Agriculture. Agricultural products account for 90% of the country’s exports, making Malawi’s economy highly dependent on the weather. Almost 70% of agricultural products (corn, beans, rice, cassava, and fruits such as bananas, mangoes, papayas, and oranges). Malawi has its own mineral resources that have not been exploited so far, such as uranium, coal and bauxite deposits. It is a subsistence economy with a heavy external debt as a result of its high dependence on foreign products including food products and its limited capacity to establish favorable trade relations. This is because Malawi’s corrupt government and excess foreign aid have prevented Malawian industry from getting ahead.

Democratization brought with it numerous deregulation measures, devaluing the monetary unit by more than 100%. In 2003 the inflation rate was 10.2%.


With a population of 13 million, Malawi is one of the most densely populated countries in Africa. The majority of the population are black Africans, who are divided into various ethnic groups, the main groups being the Chewa, Nyanja, Yao, Tumbuka and Lomwe. Most work in the fields, although cities are constantly growing. There are also some 4,000 Europeans, mostly British, and Hindustani but they make up less than 0.5% of the population.

The official language is English, but the national language is Chichewa. Other Bantu languages are also spoken.

Government Malawi has enjoyed a multi-party democracy since 1994. According to the 1995 Constitution, the President, who is both Head of Government and Head of State, is elected by universal and direct suffrage every five years.

Bingu wa Mutharika has been the president of Malawi since his victory in the criticized elections on May 20, 2004.

Characteristics of the company

  • People: The Malawians belong to a large number of ethnic groups, all of the Bantu stock, of which the main ones are: Maravi (including Nyanjas, Chewas, Tongas and Tumbukas, 58.3%); lomwes (18.4%); yaos (13.2%); ngoni (6.7%).
  • Religion: Most practice traditional African cults, and there are significant Muslim and Christian communities.
  • Languages: English and Chichewa (official); the other Bantu languages are spoken by each ethnic group.
  • Political parties: United Democratic Front (FDU), whose leader, Bakili Muluzi, is the current president of Malawi; Alliance for Democracy (APD); Malawi Congress Party (PCM), of former dictator Hastings Kamuzu Banda.
  • Social organizations: The Malawi Congress Trade Union Union, official, founded in 1964.

Malawi Culture