Official name of the state
Islamic Federal Republic of Comoros.
According to a2zgov, the Comoros archipelago is located in the Indian Ocean, northwest of Madagascar. It consists of four main islands of volcanic origin surrounded by coral reefs: Njazidja (Grande Comore), Nzwani (Anjouan) and Mwali (Moheli). Mahore (Mayotte), which is under French administration, is claimed by the Islamic Federal Republic of the Comoros.
Islamic Federal Republic since 1982. New constitution from 2001. Unicameral parliament with 43 members; Legislative period: 6 years. The government formed by the RND party was overthrown after the military coup in April 1999 and parliament was dissolved. Independent since 1975 (former French colony).
Head of state
Azali Assoumani, since May 2016.
Head of government
Azali Assoumani, since May 2016.
220 V, 50 Hz.
Eastern Africa Time: CET +4
Country-specific safety information
Piracy on the high seas
There is still a risk of pirate attacks and capture off the coasts of Somalia and its neighboring countries as well as in the adjacent waters. Ships deep in the Indian Ocean (around the Seychelles and Madagascar) and off Kenya, Tanzania, Mozambique, Yemen and Oman are also at risk of being attacked and hijacked. Skippers in the aforementioned areas are strongly advised to exercise the utmost caution.
Despite international efforts to curb piracy, the number of pirate attacks remains high; effective protection cannot be guaranteed. Skippers in the endangered waters are strongly advised to register with the Maritime Security Center at external link, opens in new window www.mschoa.org.
The domestic political situation in the Comoros is currently fragile.
Poverty-related crime must be expected in the Comoros anytime and anywhere.
1 Comorian franc * = 100 centimes. Currency abbreviation: KMF (ISO code). Banknotes are in circulation to the denomination of 10,000, 5000, 2500, 1000, 500, 100 and 50 KMF. Coins worth 20, 10, 5, 2 and 1 KMF. Centimes are not in circulation.
[*] The Comoros Franc is part of the French currency area and is issued by its own central bank. The Comoros franc is pegged to the euro. The euro is legal tender alongside the Comorian franc. CFA Francs are also legal tender.
Accepted in most hotels, restaurants and by international car rental companies (especially Visa). Details from the issuer of the credit card in question.
ec / Maestro card / Sparcard
Some ATMs exist mainly in the capital Moroni, but they are not always functional.
Attention: Travelers who pay with their bank card abroad and want to withdraw money should find out about the possibilities of using their card from their bank before starting their journey.
Bank opening times
Mon-Thu 8 a.m.-2 p.m., Fri 8 a.m.-11 a.m.
Foreign exchange regulations
The import and export of local and foreign currencies is unlimited.
The exchange of foreign currencies is possible at banks in the cities on Grande Comore. Exchange options are very limited on the other islands. Some hotels offer exchange at lower rates than the banks. It is advisable to take euros with you in cash.
The official languages are Arabic and French. Comorian, a language related to Swahili, as well as some Bantu languages are also spoken.
The following articles can be imported into the Comoros duty-free (people over 18 years):
400 cigarettes or 100 cigars or 500 grams of tobacco;
1 bottle of alcoholic beverages;
1 bottle of perfume.
Plants and potting soil only with import permit from the Service de l’Agriculture of the Comoros and a phytosanitary certificate.
International direct dialing.
GSM 900. The main network operator is HURI, a subsidiary of the Société Nationale des Postes et Télécommunications (SNPT). The reception / transmission area covers almost the whole country.
Airmail to Europe takes at least a week to travel. Post offices are open Mon-Thu from 7.30 a.m. to 2.30 p.m., Fri from 7.30 a.m. to 11.30 a.m. and Sat from 7.30 a.m. to 12 p.m.
Since the use of shortwave frequencies changes several times over the course of a year, it is advisable to contact Deutsche Welle customer service directly (Tel: (+49) (0228) 429 32 08. Internet: www.dw-world.de) to request.
Gold, pearl and shell jewelry, woven fabrics, embroidered caps (koffia) and slippers, carved chests, wooden reliefs, portes-cran (lecterns) as well as pottery and wickerwork. Shop opening times: i. A. Mon-Sat 8 a.m.-12 p.m. and 3 p.m.-6 p.m.
Islam is the state religion (98% Muslim); Catholic minority (2%).
Social rules of conduct
Religious customs should be respected, especially during Ramadan (more information in the Islam chapter in the appendix.) Clothing should be reserved. Tip: 10% is common.
Best travel time
Very warm tropical climate. Hot and very humid on the coasts; frequent rainfall and seasonal cyclones (January to April). In the higher elevations it is cooler, especially at night, with a lot of rainfall. Rainy season from November to April.
Area code +269 Area (sqkm) 2235 Population 780971 Population density (per sqkm) 349 Population in 2015 Member of the EU No main emergency number 17