Camel market in the Agadès area
West Africa


Niger, Republic of the Inland of West Africa. The country is without a coastline and borders Mali in the west, Algeria and Libya in the north, Chad in the east, Nigeria and Benin in the south and Burkina Faso in the southwest. Much of the country is desert and sparsely populated, most of the country’s […]

Characteristic Village Begging
West Africa

History of Niger

Archaeological material shows that a large part of the Sahara was inhabited in prehistoric times by communities that operated with cattle keeping. The period between 7500 and 3000 before our time is often called Sahara’s “green period”. This is the same period when Egyptian civilization occurred. But after a long drought some 4000 years ago, […]

Lake Chad December 2016
West Africa

Geography of Niger

The Niger bedrock consists mostly of sedimentary rocks from chalk and tertiary, interrupted by granite and basalt plateaus in Aïr (Idoukal-en-Taghès, 2022 masl). Against the Chad Sea, quaternary deposits dominate. The landscape is very flat over large stretches. The Niger River crosses the country in a creek furthest to the west. In the north there […]

Congolese workers
West Africa

History of Republic of Congo

The area that is today the Republic of Congo was originally populated by a hunter and sanctuary community. Around 2000 years ago, Bantu- speaking peoples migrated to the area, bringing with them an Iron Age culture. Over time, this culture became more centralized and small kingdoms gradually became large. About 1000 years ago, the Kingdom […]

West Africa

Republic of Congo

The Republic of Congo, also known as Congo-Brazzaville, is a republic on the west coast of Africa on the Atlantic Ocean that extends into the central parts of the continent. The southern border follows the Congo River, on the other bank lies the Democratic Republic of Congo. In the west and north, the Republic of […]

Republic of the Congo
West Africa

Literature of the Republic of Congo Part II

Female writers Many women writers have been featured in the Republic of Congo. However, most of them have a little extensive writing. One of the main reasons for this is probably the view of the woman who has characterized the sub-Saharan countries: Many believe that women’s tasks are primarily related to family life, and therefore […]

The geography of the Republic of Congo
West Africa

Geography of the Republic of Congo

Within the narrow coastal plain of the Republic of Congo, which does not exceed 90 meters above sea level, a number of parallel steep ridges, the Mayoumbé mountains, rise with a height ranging from 500 to 800 meters. Northeast of these mountains lies the Niari basin, which is the country’s best agricultural region, around the […]

Patrice Lumumba
West Africa

Literature of the Republic of Congo Part I

In the 20th century, the Republic of Congo has been one of the countries of French-speaking Africa with the richest literary life. This is despite the fact that the country has a significantly smaller population than neighboring Congo-Kinshasa or the Democratic Republic of Congo (DR Congo). Only a relatively small proportion of the population is […]

From the capital São Tomé
West Africa

São Tomé and Príncipe

São Tomé and Príncipe, Republic of West Africa, in the Gulf of Guinea approximately 275 kilometers off the coast of Gabon just north of the equator. Consists of the two major main islands of São Tomé and Príncipe as well as the smaller islands of Caroço, Pedras, Rõlas, Tinhosa Grande and Tinhosa Pequena. São Tomé […]

The geography of São Tomé and Príncipe
West Africa

Geography of São Tomé and Príncipe

Both main islands, São Tomé and Príncipe, are of volcanic origin and have low coastal and higher inland. The highest point is on the island of São Tomé; Pico de São Tomé, 2024 masl. Both islands have strong currents that flow down from the mountainous areas. The islands are separated by a ca. 140 km […]