Sao Tome and Principe Travel Overview
Central Africa

Sao Tome and Principe Travel Overview

GENERAL Official name of the state Democratic Republic of Sao Tome and Principe. Capital Sao Tome. Geography According to a2zgov, São Tomé and Principe consists of two large islands (São Tomé: 836 square kilometers and Principe: 128 square kilometers) and the smaller islands of Cabras, Gago Coutinho, Pedras Tinhosas and Rolas, which are located about […]

Chad Economy
Central Africa

Chad Economy

Estimated GDP (2018): 11.5 billion euros Per capita income (purchasing power parity), 2018: US $ 1716 Human Development Rank (HDI): Rank 187 (out of 189), 2018 Proportion of poverty (less than $ 2 per day): 80% Distribution of income (Gini coefficient), 2011: 43.3 Economic Transformation (BTI): Rank 118 of 137 (2020) Economic structure According to […]

Chad International Relationships
Central Africa

Chad International Relationships

The country in a regional and international context Mali: Chadian troops have been supporting the French and Malian units since February 2013 (MINUSMA) in securing northern Mali after the withdrawal of the Islamists. Sudan: Relations with the eastern neighbor Sudan are very complex and have become considerably more complicated in recent years, especially due to […]

Chad Money and money transfer
Central Africa

Chad Foreign Policy Issues

Corruption Transparency International rated Chad as the most corrupt country in 2005, and the ratings have improved somewhat since then (2010: 171st out of 178 countries examined, 2014: 154th out of 174, 2015: 147th out of 167) In 2018, Chad was ranked 165th out of 180 countries assessed and in the new report for 2019 […]

Chad Human Rights
Central Africa

Chad Human Rights

Human rights Human rights play an important role in critical domestic reporting. Several courageous local human rights organizations have already formed, including the ATPDH (Association tchadienne pour la promotion et la défense des droits de l’Homme) of the activist Jacqueline Moudeina. In September 2011 Moudeina received the Alternative Nobel Prize for her human rights work. […]

Chad Media and Religion
Central Africa

Chad Media and Religion

Media landscape Freedom of the press in Chad (123rd out of 180 countries in 2020, 121st in 2017, 103rd in 2011/12!) Has remained poor in recent years. After a temporary opening up to the beginning of 2000, journalists have since then been exposed to ever increasing levels of reprisals, which have often led to strikes […]

Chad Crises and Conflicts
Central Africa

Chad Crises and Conflicts

In 2007 and 2008 the military conflicts intensified and escalated into a major rebel offensive on February 2 and 3, 2008, in which the capital N’Djaména was briefly captured. With the support of French troops, the Déby regime was once again able to hold onto power. The regime used the chaotic situation during and after […]

Chad Elections
Central Africa

Chad Elections

2016 presidential election Idriss Déby came after his 25-year term on 10 April 2016 presidential election for the fifth time and again there were vehement protests from the opposition. However, in contrast to the election year 2011, a large part of the opposition did not boycott the elections. As in 2011, the strongest contender was […]

Mines in Northern Chad
Central Africa

Chad Domestic Issues

Rulers and power groups With the introduction of the multi-party system, dozens of parties have formed. Their electoral base is mostly based on ethnicity, which is defined by the regional origin of the respective candidate. The most important and dominant political force is the President-led Mouvement Patriotique du Salut (MPS), which currently has 125 of […]

Travel to Chad
Central Africa

Travel to Chad

Entry and residence regulations German citizens need a valid entry visa to enter Chad, which can be applied for at the Chadian embassy with their ambassador Mariam Ali Moussa in Berlin. The passport must be valid until the end of the trip and a yellow fever vaccination is compulsory for everyone aged 9 months and […]